In 2022 the House of Lords established a Committee to consider the use of artificial intelligence in weapon systems. Focusing on the challenges, risks and benefits of Autonomous Weapon Systems (AWS), the safeguards that are needed for accountably, and the current UK policy. The final report was released in December 2023 and was debated in the House of Lords today.

The report, ‘Proceed with caution: Artificial intelligence in weapon systems’, made 36 recommendations including:

In today’s debate the government committed to meaningful human control, responsibility and accountability in AWS. The minister also went on to pledge that the UK would “champion a set of norms and standards for responsible military AI” rooted in international humanitarian law.

You can find a full transcript of the debate on Hansard.